Jan 06, 2017 PAPER SCRAPS: POVERTY TO PLAY
To scrap paper must also enter. Why?
Perhaps many people know that the paper industry is one of the environmental polluting industries hardest. However, the reader will not be surprised from the economic losses incurred through the statistics that Corporation Saigon Paper provided. Accordingly, to produce 1 ton of pulp (paper products), just 1.4 tonnes or 2.2 to 4.4 tonnes of waste paper timber.
Thus, with the same 1 ton pulp, if reuse scrap paper will save 24 trees of natural forests (from 2.2 to 4.4 tonnes of timber equivalent). Also methods using scrap paper can save enough oxygen for 12 people to breathe and generate enough electricity for a house with 3 bedrooms for 1 year, plus 40,000 liters of water, 600 liters of crude oil and 95% reduction of pollution emissions than the production of wood pulp.
Using more waste paper for recycling with high technology will help save costs and protect the environment is something that all countries are targeting. Currently, paper mills in Vietnam are using the main raw material is scrap paper, accounting for about 60% of the raw materials for production of finished paper. Among them, mainly scrap paper recycling business used to produce packaging paper, tissue paper and newsprint majority.
However, the paper industry Vietnam is leaving the paper scrap imported from foreign countries, who on average 30-45% of the total volume of waste paper pulp used to produce for many years. On the other hand, this paper sources in the country have not been fully recovered and to costly waste treatment annually.
According to the Paper Industry Magazine, from 2000 to date, recovery of used paper in Vietnam for less than 30%. Meanwhile, the rate is very high in many other countries such as the US reaching 87% rate, 74% Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Thailand and Malaysia have a yield above 60%.
The reality shows that the market domestic scrap paper a lot of potential still untapped but reasonable. If the recovery of used paper of Vietnam can double, not only do not need import scrap of paper, but also can replace part of the raw materials such as wood, jute …
The main reason for Vietnam enterprises at collecting domestic waste paper can come from no regulations and standards for the recycling industry in Vietnam, the legal system relating to the collection recycled material retardation and no policies to encourage the collection and recycling.
For example, policies relating to the purchase in the United States or abroad has been inadequate. Specifically, if the imported waste paper, the import tax rate of 0%, are tax-deductible input value added because of the purchase invoice. Meanwhile, businesses collect domestic waste paper is only tax deductible input value added if the bill. And very easy to understand, the bill to scrap paper source which is collected from people who buy single bottles is nearly impossible. That’s why many businesses choose the form of imports. Furthermore, scrap paper imported from abroad has been classified and baled available, please enter the business and then put into production without classification.
An example for the case of imports of waste paper companies in the paper industry is big Saigon Paper. Modern technology investment under European standards, formerly Saigon Paper is one of the major companies that use waste paper to produce finished products. But last September, the company has expanded its production capacity to nearly 44,000 consumer paper tons / year (nearly 3 times the capacity of old) and paper industry from 53,000 tonnes / year to 224,000 tons / year. To meet the raw material for new capacity, Mr. Cao Tien Vi, General Director of the Company said it will increase the rate of waste paper imports from 30% to 50% for paper collection system for domestic waste was odd boring, handling, sorting complex and not value added tax reimbursement costs are leading to team up.
Over the years, Pulp and Paper Association Vietnam has asked the Government to support businesses by the paper industry “watch chain collection of used paper, sorting, baling, distribution of paper collection and recycling paper is the type of business and non-taxable consumer. ” However, so far the manufacturing enterprise scraps of paper from the paper in the country still have to pay value added tax steadily, many large enterprises are still keen to form import more scrap paper.
And the result of the import of waste paper from abroad as economies have to spend hundreds of millions of dollars each year. Not only that, Vietnam still need to pay for the collection and disposal of scrap paper.
According to the Pulp and Paper Association Vietnam, in 2010, Vietnam will take another 240 billion to process 800,000 tons of waste paper if the paper is not the business acquisition. The amount is so, the burial or burning of scrap paper also causes greenhouse effect, pollution of air and water as paper decomposes in landfills …
Meanwhile, many countries in the world like the US has defined as finished paper is recycled from scrap paper to account for a high proportion of total production in the supply of paper annually. Other countries have policies to encourage the collection of waste paper for recycling by business support corresponding to the amount they should have money to waste disposal.
Not only in terms of economic losses for disposal costs, inadvertently we waste an enormous resource to produce finished paper, while paper materials can be recycled repeated 6 times before destroyed. And to have enough raw materials, many businesses choose paper production technology from many different materials such as wood, bamboo, jute …, leading to costly in planting large areas of raw materials and polluting environment when manufacturing paper from these materials.
Commenting further on the technology selected factories producing paper from wood, he was Area that many people still prefer to use paper made from wood pulp rather primitive use recycled goods. Especially when the product quality management which can not lead to a situation close many households, the village collected and recycled scrap paper feeding, toilet paper, but not up to standard and hazardous.
This he explained that the recycling of paper materials if done correctly process and use of modern technology, it will not be toxic and reached safety standards. In the developed countries and high requirements on quality issues, such as sanitation to more than 80% of Americans have used paper is recycled from scrap paper, then why Vietnam did not take advantage of this paper is a problem that must be taken seriously.
To encourage businesses to collect and recycle used paper, the appropriate policy support from the state is necessary. Eg preferential corporate income tax and / or support the business loan interest rates, but only deals with the enterprises use recycled paper technology with environmental standards set out.